Island populations such the Taino (in the Caribbean, most likely the primary Native Americans encountered by Christopher Columbus) shrunk to near-extinction. The Uros people are native to the realm surrounding Lake Titicaca, in Peru and Bolivia. The Uros live on forty two massive floating islands constructed of reeds and earth. The islands may be anchored to the bottom of the lake using stone and rope.
Europeans visited and colonized remote islands beginning in the 1500s. For instance, they brought devastating illnesses unknown to islanders, who had no resistance to them. Many island people perished from diseases similar to measles.
Other barrier islands formed throughout the most recent ice age. As glaciers melted, the sea level rose around coastal sand dunes, creating low-mendacity, sandy islands. The Outer Banks, alongside the southeastern coast of the United States, are this sort of barrier island. Barrier islands are slim and lie parallel to coastlines. … Read More